Séminaires Espace-Dev Guyane

entree ird cayenne 2016 large

 

Mardi 06 décembre 2016 14h30 (GMT - 3)
Lieu : IRD Cayenne
Intervenant : Guillaume Marchand
Titre : Indicateurs de développement durable



Mercredi 07 décembre 2016 14h30 (GMT -3)
Lieu : Université de Guyane - Campus de Troubiran
Intervenant : Pierre-Alexandre Bliman
Title : Ensuring the success of biological control of mosquito-borne diseases by bacteria Wolbachia, through almost global stabilizing feedback

Abstract :
The use of bacteria Wolbachia is a promising method currently considered to block transmission of diseases such as dengue fever, chicungunha and yellow fever, whose area is currently spreading.
While full scale experiments are presently organized in Australia and Brazil, systematic procedures for introduction of mosquitos infected by the bacteria in a healthy population are still to be studied.
This is a central question, with heavy impact on the cost and efficiency.

The aim of this talk is the presentation of a method aimed at reducing the number of released mosquitos, and thus the treatment cost, without jeopardizing the success of the introduction of the bacteria -- something which could happen e.g. in case of underestimation of the initial population size.
We provide a model describing the interactions between healthy and infected populations.
The original system is shown to have two stable equilibria, corresponding to Wolbachia-free and complete infestation situations.
Taking advantage of the fact that measurements are carried out during the whole release period, the use of control theory techniques is possible.
A simple feedback law is proposed, that stipulates the amount of mosquitoes to be introduced at every time instant, and is shown to have the capacity to asymptotically settle the bacteria.
Up to our knowledge, this is the first attempt to use feedback for introduction of Wolbachia in a population of arthropods.

The key arguments are based on the theory of monotone systems, extended to analyze the asymptotic behavior of input-output monotone systems closed by negative feedback.
Due to bistability, the considered input-output system has multivalued static characteristics, but the existing results are unable to prove almost-global stabilization, so a proper analysis has to be set up.

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